How can an employer reduce the likelihood of employees taking time off work as a result of personal or family circumstances?

Research shows that flexibility in working arrangements and patterns can substantially reduce casual absence, as some element of flexibility will make it easier for employees to balance their work and personal lives. Flexibility can be implemented formally or informally, and may include a variation to an employee's start and/or finish times, part-time working, homeworking, job-sharing and flexibility in shift patterns.