What are the limits on working time for mobile staff in the civil aviation industry to whom the Civil Aviation Directive applies?

The Civil Aviation Directive (2000/79/EC) applies to crew members on board a civil aircraft employed by a business established in an EU member state. These workers are not covered by the limits on working time under the Working Time Regulations 1998 (SI 1998/1833).

The Civil Aviation Directive is implemented in the UK by the Civil Aviation (Working Time) Regulations 2004 (SI 2004/756). Regulation 9 states that maximum annual working time, including some elements of standby time, is 2,000 hours, in which flying time must be limited to 900 hours.

In respect of rest time, mobile aviation staff should be given at least seven days in each calendar month, and at least 96 days in each calendar year. These days must be free of all duty and standby.

Mobile aviation staff are entitled to four weeks' paid annual leave.