Which bodies are responsible for the enforcement of health and safety legislation?

Health and safety legislation is enforced by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) or by local authority environmental health officers, depending on the main activity carried out at individual workplaces. The HSE is responsible for the enforcement of health and safety legislation in higher-risk workplaces (for example hospitals, agriculture and construction sites) whereas local authority officers are responsible for its enforcement in most lower-risk workplaces (for example retail, wholesale distribution and offices).