Who sits in judgment in employment tribunal hearings?

The full hearing to decide most types of employment tribunal claim is usually heard by a panel consisting of an employment judge (who is legally qualified) and two non-legally-qualified members. One of the non-legally-qualified members will have a background giving an employer's perspective (for example as an employer or member of a trade organisation) and the other will have a background giving an employee's perspective (usually as a trade union representative).

Some hearings are heard and decided by an employment judge sitting alone. This is the case for unfair dismissal claims, unless the tribunal directs otherwise.