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Czech Republic: Equal opportunities

Original and updating authors: Jaroslav Škubal, Tereza Erényi and Daniel Vejsada, PRK Partners Prague
Consultant editor: Nataša Randlová, Randl Partners, Prague

Summary

  • Both direct and indirect discrimination are prohibited in access to employment, remuneration and employment conditions on grounds including race, ethnic origin, nationality, sex, sexual orientation, age, disability and religion. (See General)
  • A difference of treatment based on any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination does not constitute unlawful discrimination where the ground constitutes a genuine and determining occupational requirement. (See Exemptions)
  • Harassment and sexual harassment constitute unlawful discrimination and are prohibited at the workplace. (See Harassment and sexual harassment)
  • Employees must not be victimised for making a complaint of discrimination, reporting such behaviour or participating in any investigative process. (See Victimisation)
  • Where this is done with a view to ensuring equal treatment and opportunities in practice, employers are permitted to take measures to prevent or compensate for disadvantages linked to any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination. (See Positive action)
  • Employers are under a general obligation to ensure the equal treatment of all employees with regard to employment conditions, remuneration, vocational training and opportunities for career advancement. (See Active measures)
  • An employee or job applicant who has suffered unlawful discrimination or been subject to unequal treatment, may bring a court case against the employer. (See Remedies and penalties)