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Czech Republic: Industrial relations

Original and updating authors: Jaroslav Škubal, Tereza Erényi and Daniel Vejsada, PRK Partners Prague
Consultant editor: Nataša Randlová, Randl Partners, Prague

Summary

  • If a trade union has at least three members in an employer's operations, it has collective bargaining and other rights. (See Trade unions and recognition)
  • Statute regulates some aspects of collective bargaining, which may take place at enterprise level or at a higher level (such as industry level). (See Collective bargaining and agreements)
  • Employees, or their representatives, are entitled to be informed and consulted by the employer on a range of issues. (See Informing and consulting employees - general)
  • In the event of collective redundancies, a special statutory information and consultation procedure applies to employers with 20 or more employees. (See Informing and consulting prior to redundancies)
  • In the event of a planned business transfer, both the transferor and the transferee must inform and consult employee representatives or, in their absence, the employees affected. (See Informing and consulting prior to transfers)
  • Where there is a recognised trade union, the employer must obtain the union's consent before taking decisions on a number of issues. (See Obtaining prior trade union consent)
  • "Community-scale" undertakings or groups of undertakings with headquarters in the Czech Republic must, at the request of employees or their representatives, establish a special negotiating body to negotiate over the establishment of a European Works Council. (See European Works Councils)
  • In collective bargaining disputes, trade unions may call a strike only if mediation has failed, and subject to various rules on obtaining support from the employees concerned and notifying the employer. (See Industrial action)
  • Prior to 1 January 2014, employees were entitled to elect one-third of the members of the supervisory board of a joint-stock company that had more than 50 employees. This entitlement was abolished with effect from that date. (See Board-level employee representation)