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Japan: Training and development

Original and updating authors: Koki Yanagisawa and Erino Yoneda


  • Employers are encouraged to provide vocational training and development for employees by both legislation and government support, but have few specific statutory obligations in this area. (See General)
  • There is an apprenticeship-type "dual system" of initial vocational training, whereby an individual combines instruction at an education/training institution with practical on-the-job training provided by an employer, with which he or she has a part-time, fixed-term employment contract. (See Apprenticeships)
  • Some employers operate unpaid internship programmes for students, or employ them temporarily through temporary work agencies, usually during their vacations, as a means of pre-selecting suitable graduates for recruitment. (See Work placements and on-the-job training)