This is a preview. To continue reading please log in or Register to read this article

Working time: Direct effect of and exclusions from 48-hour week

This report relates to 1 case(s)

Key points

In Pfeiffer and others v Deutsches Rotes Kreuz, Kreisverband Waldshut eV, the ECJ holds:

  • Activities of emergency workers, in an emergency medical service, are not excluded from the scope of the EC Framework Directive on health and safety 89/391/ EC or the Working Time Directive 93/104/EC ("WTD").
  • The concept of "road transport" as excluded by art.1(3) of the WTD does not encompass an emergency medical service, such as the German Red Cross, even though the Red Cross workers used a road vehicle and accompanied patients on their journeys to hospital.