The Employment Appeal Tribunal has held that the employment tribunal was wrong to decide that employers have a positive duty to correct employees or ex-employees in relation to misapprehensions that they have about time limits for bringing claims.
In Gisda Cyf v Barratt  IRLR 1073 SC, the Supreme Court held that, where a dismissal is effected by letter, the effective date of termination (from which the time limit for an unfair dismissal claim begins to run) does not occur until the letter is read or until the point at which the employee has had a reasonable opportunity to read it. In doing so, the Court rejected the contention that ordinary contractual principles should apply so that the effective date of termination would be the date on which the letter is delivered.
In North Cumbria University Hospitals NHS Trust v Fox and others sub nom Potter and others v North Cumbria Acute Hospitals NHS Trust and others (No.2)  IRLR 804 CA, the Court of Appeal held that those parts of the claimants' equal pay claims that pre-dated significant changes to contractual terms were not out of time. Irrespective of the changes to contractual terms that had occurred, it was plain that there had been a "stable employment relationship" throughout for the purposes of s.2ZA of the Equal Pay Act 1970.
The Supreme Court has held that, where an employee is dismissed by letter, the effective date of termination is the date on which he or she reads the letter, or has a reasonable opportunity to do so.
A table setting out the time limits for bringing tribunal claims for discrimination.
Annabel Mackay and Adam Johnson, associates at Addleshaw Goddard, detail the latest rulings.
Ceri Hughes, David Parry, and Carly Mather, associates at Addleshaw Goddard, detail the latest rulings.
The Court of Appeal has reaffirmed that a "stable employment relationship" equal pay case can arise where there is a succession of consecutive contracts, and held that the word "employment" in that phrase refers to the nature of the work, rather than the terms under which it is carried out.
A table setting out the time limits for bringing tribunal claims for dismissal.
A table setting out the time limits for bringing tribunal claims relating to union membership or activities.
HR and legal information and guidance relating to employment tribunal and court time limits.