In Smith v Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, the EAT allows an appeal against an employment tribunal's decision that a claimant for a redundancy payment from the Secretary of State was not an employee, and gives him the opportunity to argue before the Court of Appeal that an employment tribunal cannot adjudicate upon his claim in accordance with the European Convention on Human Rights.
In Smith and Grady v United Kingdom (27 September 1999) EOR88A, the European Court of Human Rights has ruled that a ban on homosexuals in the armed forces contravenes the right to respect for private life under the European Convention on Human Rights.
In Ahmed and others v United Kingdom  IRLR 188 ECHR, the European Court of Human Rights held that the Local Government Officers (Political Restrictions) Regulations 1990 did not breach the European Convention on Human Rights, since the interference with the employees' rights had been shown to be 'prescribed by law', in pursuance of one or more legitimate aims within the meaning of Article 10(2) of the Convention and was 'necessary in a democratic society' to attain them.
In Stedman v UK  23 EHRR 168 ECHR, the European Commission of Human Rights held that the dismissal of a woman for refusing on religious grounds to accept a new contract that would have required her to work Sundays was not an interference with her freedom of religion or other rights under the European Convention on Human Rights.
In Halford v United Kingdom, the European Court of Human Rights holds that the Merseyside Police Authority violated the right to privacy of its assistant chief constable under the European Convention on Human Rights when it tapped her office telephone calls for the purposes of gathering information in order to defend a sex discrimination complaint she had initiated.
In R v Ministry of Defence ex parte Smith and others, the High Court holds that the MoD's blanket ban on anyone of homosexual orientation serving in the armed forces is lawful.
In R v Ministry of Defence ex parte Smith and others (7 June 1995) EOR62F, the Divisional Court rules that the policy that homosexual men and women are not permitted to serve in the armed forces is not unlawful.
In Van der Mussele v Belgium  ECHR 13, the European Court of Human Rights held that a requirement for pupil lawyers to undertake pro bono work was not in breach of their right under Article 4(2) of the European Convention on Human Rights not to be required to perform forced or compulsory labour.
In Ahmad v UK  4 EHRR 126 ECHR, the European Commission of Human Rights held that a local authority's refusal to allow Mr Ahmad time off work on Fridays to attend prayers at a mosque did not infringe his freedom of religion or his right to enjoy rights and freedoms without discrimination.
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