Can an employee bring a pay discrimination claim on grounds other than sex?

The "equality of terms" provisions of the Equality Act 2010 provide a mechanism for employees to challenge their pay on the basis that it is less than that of an employee of the opposite sex doing like work, work rated as equivalent or work of equal value. Claims for pay discrimination because of the other protected characteristics, such as race or religion or belief, can be brought under s.39(2) of the Equality Act 2010, which provides that employers must not discriminate against employees as to their terms of employment. For example, an employee who believes that they are paid less than comparable colleagues because of their race can bring a claim for direct race discrimination under the Act.