Is dyslexia a disability under the Equality Act 2010?
Dyslexia can be a disability under the Equality Act 2010. A disability under the Equality Act 2010 is a physical or mental impairment that affects a person's ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. The adverse effect must also be substantial and long term.
Dyslexia will count as a long-term physical or mental impairment. The only question, therefore, is whether or not it is severe enough to have a substantial adverse effect on normal day-to-day activities.
Dyslexia can affect people to different degrees. Extreme cases will certainly have a substantial adverse effect on normal day-to-day activities but more mild cases may not. It is usually best for employers to give an employee with dyslexia the benefit of the doubt and proceed on the basis that they do have a disability, and that the duty to make reasonable adjustments therefore applies.