Which work-related accidents or diseases must be reported under RIDDOR?
Employers have a duty to report certain accidents and diseases to the relevant enforcing authority under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013 (SI 2013/1471) (RIDDOR).
The employer must report:
- any work-related accident that results in:
- a fatality;
- certain injuries to a worker (specified under reg.4 of RIDDOR);
- an injured worker being unable to do their normal work for more than seven days; or
- an injured member of the public being taken directly to hospital for treatment;
- a dangerous occurrence of a class listed in sch.2 to RIDDOR; and
- an occupational disease or condition of a type listed in reg.8 or 9 of RIDDOR, where the employee's work puts them at risk from such a disease or condition in a way specified under the Regulations.
The injuries specified under reg.4 that must be reported are:
- any bone fracture diagnosed by a registered medical practitioner, other than to a finger, thumb or toe;
- amputation of an arm, hand, finger, thumb, leg, foot or toe;
- any injury diagnosed by a registered medical practitioner as being likely to cause permanent blinding or reduction in sight in one or both eyes;
- any crush injury to the head or torso causing damage to the brain or internal organs in the chest or abdomen;
- any burn injury (including scalding) that:
- covers more than 10% of the whole body's total surface area; or
- causes significant damage to the eyes, respiratory system or other vital organs;
- any degree of scalping requiring hospital treatment;
- loss of consciousness caused by head injury or asphyxia; or
- any other injury arising from working in an enclosed space that:
- leads to hypothermia or heat-induced illness; or
- requires resuscitation or admittance to hospital for more than 24 hours.
The classes of dangerous occurrences that must be reported, as listed in sch.2 to RIDDOR, include incidents such as explosions and the accidental release of a substance that may damage health.
The reportable diseases listed in regs.8 and 9 include carpal tunnel syndrome, where the person's work involves regular use of percussive or vibrating tools; occupational asthma, where the person's work involves significant or regular exposure to a known respiratory sensitizer; and any cancer attributed to an occupational exposure to a known human carcinogen or mutagen.
The report should be made via the online reporting facility on the HSE website. The report will be forwarded to the relevant enforcing authority, which is either the HSE or the local authority, depending on the sector in which the employer operates.