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France: Health and safety

Original and updating author: Mark Carley

Consultant editor: Guillaume Desmoulin, Fromont Briens

See the legal services provided by the authors/consultant editors of XpertHR International > France, including any discounts/offers for subscribers.


  • Employers are required to take certain measures to ensure workers' safety and protect their physical and mental health. (See General)
  • Employers and workers have various duties regarding health and safety. (See Duties on employers and employees)
  • All companies with 11 or more employees must set up a social and economic committee, which represents employees on health and safety matters, and has various information, consultation and other rights. (See Safety representatives)
  • The penalties for employers found in the courts to have breached health and safety legislation are fines and/or, in certain cases, imprisonment. (See Enforcement and penalties)
  • Employers must make contributions for their employees to the social security fund for workplace accidents and occupational illnesses. (See Compensation for injury or illness)