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France: Health and safety

Original and updating author: Mark Carley

Consultant editor: Guillaume Desmoulin, Fromont Briens


  • Employers are required to take certain measures to ensure workers' safety and protect their physical and mental health. (See General)
  • Employers and workers have various duties regarding health and safety. (See Duties on employers and employees)
  • All companies with 11 or more employees must set up a social and economic committee, which represents employees on health and safety matters, and has various information, consultation and other rights (the social and economic committee replaces the former statutory health and safety committee, which is being phased out over 2018-2019). (See Safety representatives)
  • The penalties for employers found in the courts to have breached health and safety legislation are fines and/or, in certain cases, imprisonment. (See Enforcement and penalties)
  • Employers must make contributions for their employees to the social security fund for workplace accidents and occupational illnesses. (See Compensation for injury or illness)