This is a preview. Log in to read the full article. Don't have a log-in?

Learn more Request a demo

Italy: Equal opportunities

Original author: Massimo Pallini
Updating author: Luciano Racchi

See the legal services provided by the author of XpertHR International > Italy, including any discounts/offers for subscribers.


  • Direct and indirect discrimination in relation to all aspects of the employment contract are prohibited on various grounds. (See General)
  • Difference in treatment on the prohibited grounds is permitted in certain circumstances. (See Exemptions)
  • There are various legal rules specific to discrimination on each of the prohibited grounds. (See Specific provisions)
  • Harassment and sexual harassment are considered discrimination. (See Harassment and sexual harassment)
  • Employees are protected against victimisation by their employer. (See Victimisation)
  • Employers may take positive action to abolish existing inequalities. (See Positive action)
  • Equality advisers promote and monitor the implementation of equal opportunities and non-discrimination principles between men and women in employment. (See Equality advisers)
  • Employees who consider that they have suffered discrimination can bring a claim against their employer in the labour courts. (See Remedies and penalties)