In Pimlico Plumbers Ltd and another v Smith, the Supreme Court unanimously held that a "self-employed" plumber qualified as a "worker" under the statutory provisions and was entitled to the rights of a worker.
In Unite the Union v Nailard, the Court of Appeal held that the union was liable for the acts of its lay officials because they were acting as its agents, but that the union was not liable for failures by its employed union officials to prevent discrimination by third-party lay officials.
In Mbubaegbu v Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) held that the summary dismissal of a surgeon was fair where the trust had relied on a pattern of conduct, but there had been no single act amounting to gross misconduct.
In City of York Council v Grosset, the Court of Appeal held that the dismissal of a teacher for showing an 18-rated film to his pupils amounted to discrimination arising from his disability, even though the school had not been aware that the teacher's conduct was linked to his disability.
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