Time limits for bringing tribunal claims - dismissal

Statutory rights are subject to time limits within which a complaint must be brought to an employment tribunal. The time limits that apply in dismissal claims are set out below.

Nature of complaint Time limit for bringing claim
1 Or within such further period as the tribunal considers reasonable in a case where it is satisfied that this was not reasonably practicable.
Unfair dismissal Within three months beginning with the effective date of termination (s.111(2) of the Employment Rights Act 1996)1
Unfair dismissal for official industrial action Within six months beginning with the date of dismissal (as defined by s.238(5) of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (TULR(C)A)), (s.239(2) of the TULR(C)A)1
Employer unreasonably failed to provide a written statement of reasons for dismissal, or provided untrue or inadequate particulars Within three months beginning with the effective date of termination (s.93(3) of the Employment Rights Act 1996)1

From 6 May 2014 (or from 6 April 2014 where the prospective claimant voluntarily contacts Acas under the early conciliation procedure) the time limits are extended to take account of the early conciliation procedure (although the extension does not apply to s.239(2) of the TULR(C)A). The period beginning with the day after the employee first contacted Acas under the early conciliation procedure and ending with the day he or she receives the early conciliation certificate will not count when calculating the time limit for bringing the claim. If the limitation period would have expired during the period starting with the day the employee first contacted Acas and ending one month after he or she receives the early conciliation certificate, it will be extended to expire one month after receipt of the early conciliation certificate.