Public sector workers could have wage increases based on their performance or where in the country they work, the chancellor has hinted.
Pay talks between Nissan UK and its employees on Wearside have been delayed because of Brexit fears.
Wage growth in the UK is at its highest in almost 10 years, according to the Office for National Statistics.
Almost three-quarters (73%) of workers see their income fluctuate from month to month, with lower earners at more risk of pay volatility.
Finance awards for the 2017/2018 pay round are slightly ahead of the rest of the private sector at 2.7%.
Manufacturing employers have awarded pay rises in excess of those seen in recent years, our review of the past year finds.
Transport and storage sector pay awards have been set at a relatively buoyant 3% over the past year, XpertHR's analysis finds.
The utilities sector regains its place as the sector making the highest pay awards over the past year.
Pay awards in the not-for-profit sector increased in value in the year to the end of August 2018. However, at a median 2%, they still lag behind most of the other industry sectors monitored by XpertHR.
Retail pay awards match the private sector at 2.5% despite a tough trading environment.
HR and legal information and guidance relating to pay levels and awards.