What counts as working time under the Road Transport (Working Time) Regulations 2005?

For the purposes of the Road Transport (Working Time) Regulations 2005 (SI 2005/639) working time is defined as time from the beginning to the end of work during which a mobile worker is at his or her workstation, at the disposal of the employer and exercising his or her activities. It includes driving, unloading and loading, assisting passengers on and off the vehicle, cleaning and vehicle maintenance, and all work to ensure the safety of the vehicle, cargo or passengers. Time when the mobile worker cannot freely dispose of his or her time and must be at the workstation ready to take up normal work, such as during periods awaiting loading or unloading when the foreseeable duration of the period is not known in advance, are also included.

Breaks, rests and periods of availability are not included in the calculation of working time.