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Finland: Employee rights

Original and updating author: Teea Kemppinen


  • There are various rules for employees' hours of work, including overtime, and particular restrictions for night work. (See Hours of work)
  • Employees must generally be granted rest breaks, and daily and weekly rest periods. (See Rest breaks and rest periods)
  • Employees can be required to work on a Sunday only in certain circumstances. (See Sunday work)
  • There are various rules regarding statutory paid annual leave for employees and when it may be taken. (See Holiday and holiday pay)
  • Pregnant employees are entitled to take maternity leave for an uninterrupted period of 105 weekdays (excluding Sundays and public holidays), which is approximately four months. (See Maternity and pregnancy rights)
  • Parents are entitled to take parental leave of 158 weekdays (excluding Sundays and public holidays) per child, which is approximately six months, immediately after the end of the mother's maternity leave. (See Parental leave)
  • Fathers who live with the mother of their child are entitled to statutory paternity leave, independent of parental and other family-related leave entitlement. (See Paternity leave)
  • Parents of children under the age of 10 are entitled to take "temporary childcare leave" if the child suddenly falls ill, in order to care for the child or arrange care. (See Carer's leave)
  • Eligible full-time employees are entitled to take study leave to attend education and training courses. (See Other leave)
  • In general, part-time employees have the same employment status and rights as full-time employees, and the same protective legislation applies to part-time and full-time employees. (See Part-time workers)
  • Fixed-term contracts that have not been concluded for a "justified" reason are deemed to be open-ended contracts. (See Fixed-term workers)
  • As employees of the temporary work agency, agency workers are fully covered by all employment legislation and statutory entitlements in the same way as other employees. (See Temporary agency workers)
  • Employees posted to work in Finland from other countries are covered by various provisions of Finnish employment law, if these are more favourable than those that would otherwise apply to the employee. (See Posted workers)
  • In the event of the transfer of a business or part thereof, the rights, obligations and benefits under employment relationships between the former owner and its employees concerned transfer to the new owner on completion of the transfer. (See Transfers of undertakings)
  • If the employer is declared bankrupt, this does not automatically terminate its employment relationships. (See Insolvency of employer)
  • Employees who have neglected their duties arising from the employment relationship or breached the employment contract must not usually be given notice of dismissal before they have been warned and given a chance to amend their conduct. (See Disciplinary sanctions)
  • If harassment or other inappropriate treatment occurs at work, the employer, on becoming aware of the matter, must take measures to remedy the situation. (See Bullying)
  • There are various rules regarding the processing of personal data relating to employees. (See Data and privacy protection)