This is a preview. Log in to read the full article. Don't have a log-in?

Learn more Request a demo

Romania: Equal opportunities

Original and updating authors: Delia Paceagiu and Luminita Dima
Consultant editor: Raluca Dimitriu

Summary

  • Discrimination - both direct and indirect - is prohibited in employment on a wide range of grounds including sex, sexual orientation, race, nationality, religion, beliefs and age. (See General)
  • A difference of treatment based on any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination can be deemed lawful where this ground constitutes a genuine and determining occupational requirement. (See Exemptions)
  • Harassment, gender-based harassment and sexual harassment at the workplace constitute unlawful discrimination. (See Harassment and sexual harassment)
  • Victimisation of an employee as a result of a complaint or court case related to the non-observance of the principle of equal treatment and non-discrimination constitutes unlawful discrimination. (See Victimisation)
  • Employers are permitted to take measures to prevent or compensate for disadvantages linked to any of the prohibited grounds of discrimination with a view to ensuring equal treatment and opportunities in practice. (See Positive action)
  • Employers are obliged to take various measures to ensure equal opportunities and treatment for female and male employees. (See Active measures)
  • An employee or job applicant who believes that he or she has been subject to unlawful discrimination on the statutory grounds may make a complaint to the National Council for Combating Discrimination or bring a court case. (See Remedies and penalties)