Prime Minister Theresa May invoked art.50 of the Treaty on European Union on 29 March 2017 and gave notice to the European Council of the UK's intention to withdraw from the EU.
On exit, the European Communities Act 1972 will be repealed and, at the same time, applicable EU law will be converted into domestic law. Most EU Directives are already implemented in the UK by regulations or Acts of Parliament. Therefore, employment laws are not expected to change as a result of Brexit, but afterwards will be subject to Parliament's control over domestic law.
A significant consequence of the UK's full exit from the EU is the removal of the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice over UK law. The final court of appeal will be the Supreme Court. The jurisdiction of the European Court of Human Rights is unaffected by Brexit.
In terms of timescales, Theresa May aims for the agreement with the EU to be concluded by the end of the two-year period after notice is given under art.50. There will be a "phased process of implementation" after the two-year period to allow time to prepare for the new arrangements. The negotiated agreement between the UK and the EU will be subject to a vote in both Houses of Parliament before it comes into force.
The Government has also published a White Paper: The United Kingdom's exit from and new partnership with the European Union. The White Paper sets out the basis for the Government's priorities and broad strategy for the UK's agreement with the EU, including employment and immigration.
On the UK's exit from the EU, the extent to which immigration and travel is permitted by nationals of EU member states will be subject to agreement. The Government is currently seeking a reciprocal agreement with other EU member states to guarantee the rights of EU citizens who are already living in Britain and the rights of British nationals in other member states and views this as a priority.
We will continue to provide guidance as the situation develops.
Our new How to guide on Brexit sets out the steps that employers can take to prepare for the UK's exit from the EU and changes to immigration rules.
- What impact will Brexit have on employment law?
- What impact will Brexit have on EU nationals currently working in the UK?
Policies and documents
Audio and video
- Webinar: Managing international assignments in an uncertain world
- Webinar: Brexit - what now for HR? In this webinar, Darren Newman and Annabel Mace discuss what Brexit means for UK employment law, the impact of the leave vote on the immigration status of non-UK EU nationals living and working in the UK and what you can do now to prepare for the UK's exit from the EU.
- Podcast 1: Potential employment law implications of a Brexit In the first of our special podcasts recorded before the referendum, Nicky Stibbs explains how EU employment law is incorporated into UK employment law, including what role is currently played by the European Court of Justice. Nicky also looks at the areas of UK employment law that might be in the firing line.
- Podcast 2: The possible impact of a Brexit In the second of our special podcasts recorded before the referendum, Darren Newman discusses possible employment law implications of a majority vote in favour of leaving the EU, including how to manage concerns of EU employees who are worried about job security.
- Brexit: what is the legal position if employees must relocate?
- Brexit: practical five-point checklist for employers
- Brexit: four example bullying and harassment scenarios
- How to reassure staff after the Brexit vote
- How will Brexit affect employers with EEA workers?
- How does Brexit affect international assignments?
- Brexit: Might the Government's grip on trade unions get tighter?
- What might happen to TUPE now the UK has left Europe?
- EU referendum: how to get ready for a potential Brexit
- The possible impact of leaving the EU on UK employment law
- EU referendum: 12 European cases that have shaped UK employment law
- EU referendum: no excuse to put off data protection preparations
Commentary and analysis
- Theresa May's Brexit speech: what will it mean for employment?
- EU citizens working in the UK: will the Government listen to employers' wishes?
- Could "associate EU citizenship" become a worthwhile employee perk?
- Great Repeal Bill: no immediate changes to workers' rights
- Employment and immigration included in Brexit White Paper
- Brexit to bring tighter controls on immigration, May confirms
- Brexit debate: Government gives no guarantees on worker rights
- Brexit: Labour's 170 questions include the future of employment law
- Great Repeal Bill to hail the end of EU law in the UK
- Brexit secretary vows no change to employment law
- Brexit vote will cause widespread hiring freeze
- Employers face "years of uncertainty" after Brexit vote
- EU immigrants fear discrimination amid Brexit debate
- Brexit: nine in 10 EU workers might not qualify for a visa