What rights do trade unions have?

An independent trade union - an organisation not under the domination or control of an employer - has a number of rights. These include the right to make a contract, the right to conduct litigation (and with it the liability to be sued in its own name), collective liability for any criminal offence committed by it or on its behalf, the right (through a trust) to hold property and limited liability for certain purposes, and the right to organise and recruit members. There is a corresponding right for employees to join such a union.