Disputes may arise between employers and their employees. Where these cannot be resolved internally or settled with a settlement agreement (see How to > How to use a settlement agreement to resolve an employment issue), the employer may find itself on the other side of an employment tribunal claim.
However, from 6 May 2014, a potential claimant is not permitted to lodge the majority of employment tribunal claims without an "early conciliation certificate" showing that the claim has been submitted to the early conciliation process (see How to > How to get the most out of early conciliation).
If the claim is successfully lodged with an employment tribunal, the employer will need to consider whether or not it wants to defend the claim or try to settle it, taking into account factors such as its chances of success and the likely remedy that will be awarded if the claimant wins (see How to > How to decide whether to settle or fight an employment tribunal claim).
Irrespective of the employer’s decision, it must bear in mind the time limit for submitting an employment tribunal response form (ET3) (see How to > How to respond to an employment tribunal claim > Time limits).
Ashok Kanani, employment law editor
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A table listing the unfair dismissal awards made by employment tribunals in 2015/16.
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A table listing the sex discrimination awards made by employment tribunals in 2015/16.
A table listing the disability discrimination awards made by employment tribunals in 2015/16.
A table listing the religious discrimination awards made by employment tribunals in 2015/16.
HR and legal information and guidance relating to employment disputes.