Editor's message: Meeting short-term business needs through the use of overtime working allows organisations to take advantage of the flexibility of their workforce without the need to take on additional staff.
Employees who work overtime do not have an automatic right to any additional pay; this will depend on the terms of their contract of employment, or on custom and practice. But where there is a premium attached to overtime working, employees can see this as a welcome enhancement to their basic salary.
Employers usually define rates of overtime pay as a multiple of regular or normal pay; other methods include a set hourly rate for overtime or a higher salary to recognise an element of overtime.
Where your organisation makes use of overtime, you need to be aware of the implications of recent case law concerning the inclusion of overtime pay in the calculation of holiday pay.
Rachel Sharp, HR practice editor
Updated to reflect that the Court of Appeal heard the appeal in Flowers and others v East of England Ambulance Trust on 15 May 2019.
In Flowers and others v East of England Ambulance Trust, the Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) held that voluntary overtime must be included in the calculation of holiday pay for ambulance workers with a pattern of voluntary overtime that is sufficiently regular and settled.
In Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council v Willetts  IRLR 870 EAT, the EAT held that payments for regularly worked voluntary overtime are part of a worker's "normal remuneration" for the purposes of calculating a week's pay in respect of a worker's holiday pay entitlement.
The Employment Appeal Tribunal (EAT) has held that entirely voluntary overtime should be included in normal remuneration for calculating holiday pay.
An employment tribunal has held that ambulance workers' non-guaranteed overtime in respect of "shift overruns" should be included in the calculation of their holiday pay, but that on the facts of this case purely voluntary overtime does not have to be included.
An employment tribunal has held that payments for purely voluntary overtime should be included in holiday pay.
We examine overtime working arrangements and pay rates in our 2016 survey.
In Patterson v Castlereagh Borough Council  IRLR 721 NICA, the Northern Ireland Court of Appeal held that a Northern Ireland industrial tribunal had erred in excluding voluntary overtime from the calculation of the claimant's outstanding holiday pay
HR and legal information and guidance relating to overtime pay.